Question: What Does A Neurologist Do To Check For MS?

Can you have MS for years and not know it?

Not Uncommon “MS is diagnosed most commonly in the ages between 20 and 50.

It can occur in children and teens, and those older than 50,” said Smith.

“But it can go unrecognized for years.” Added Rahn, “The incidence of MS in the United States according to the Multiple Sclerosis Society is over 1 million people..

How do you rule out MS?

Your doctor may then recommend:Blood tests, to help rule out other diseases with symptoms similar to MS . … Spinal tap (lumbar puncture), in which a small sample of cerebrospinal fluid is removed from your spinal canal for laboratory analysis. … MRI, which can reveal areas of MS (lesions) on your brain and spinal cord.More items…•

What area of the brain does MS affect?

MS produces damage in the more heavily myelinated regions of the brain, known as white matter. But MS has also been shown to affect the less myelinated regions closer to the surface of the brain, known as cortical grey matter. Damage to both white matter and grey matter structures are linked to cognitive impairment.

What does MS feel like in legs?

Stiffness: A person with MS may experience stiffness in the legs, arms, and hips due to immobility. Pain from Spasms: Flexor spasms cause a limb to contract, or bend, towards the body. This can make the limb feel like it has a constant cramp or dull ache.

What does an MS attack feel like?

Multiple sclerosis (MS) attacks can include tingling, numbness, fatigue, cramps, tightness, dizziness, and more.

How does a neurologist help with MS?

Get to Know Your Team. Your care team leader is often a doctor called a neurologist, who specializes in treating conditions like MS that affect the nervous system. They can help you manage symptoms such as weakness, tremors, and changes in thinking, which happen because of problems with your nerves.

Who is the best doctor for multiple sclerosis?

Most MS experts agree the road to take is the one leading to a neurologist who specializes in the treatment of multiple sclerosis. “Your best bet is to choose a doctor who is a master of their trade and not just dabbling in the disease.

Can you have a clear MRI and still have MS?

MS can be present even with a normal MRI and spinal fluid test although it’s uncommon to have a completely normal MRI. Sometimes the MRI of the brain may be normal, but the MRI of the spinal cord may be abnormal and consistent with MS, so this also needs to be considered.

Is MS an autoimmune condition?

The cause of multiple sclerosis is unknown. It’s considered an autoimmune disease in which the body’s immune system attacks its own tissues. In the case of MS , this immune system malfunction destroys the fatty substance that coats and protects nerve fibers in the brain and spinal cord (myelin).

How do doctors test for MS?

Examples of tests and procedures used to diagnose MS include: A complete blood count (CBC), blood chemistry, urinalysis, and often spinal fluid evaluation (lumbar puncture or “spinal tap”) are all routine laboratory tests used to rule out other conditions and help confirm the diagnosis of multiple sclerosis.

When should you suspect multiple sclerosis?

People should consider the diagnosis of MS if they have one or more of these symptoms: vision loss in one or both eyes. acute paralysis in the legs or along one side of the body. acute numbness and tingling in a limb.

What does MS feel like in the beginning?

While some people experience fatigue and numbness, severe cases of MS can cause paralysis, vision loss, and diminished brain function. Common early signs of multiple sclerosis (MS) include: vision problems. tingling and numbness.

What are the four stages of MS?

Four disease courses have been identified in multiple sclerosis: clinically isolated syndrome (CIS), relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS), primary progressive MS (PPMS), and secondary progressive MS (SPMS).

Does MS show up in blood work?

Blood tests will likely be part of the initial workup if your doctor suspects you might have MS. Blood tests can’t currently result in a firm diagnosis of MS, but they can rule out other conditions.

Can stress cause MS like symptoms?

Can stress cause MS? There is no definitive evidence to say that stress is a cause for MS. Stress can, however, make it difficult for a person to manage MS symptoms. Many patients also report that stress triggered their MS symptoms or caused a relapse.

Can a neurological exam rule out MS?

Why It Is Done. A brief neurological examination is part of any complete physical exam. If you report symptoms that suggest a problem with the nervous system, the doctor may do a more thorough neurological exam. Such an exam will always be done if you have symptoms that suggest MS.

What can be mistaken for MS?

It can take time and lots of testing to establish an accurate diagnosis.Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) Like MS, SLE is a disease of the immune system. … Sarcoidosis. … Myasthenia Gravis. … HTLV-1. … Syphilis. … Lyme Disease. … Vitamin B12 Deficiency. … Blood Vessel Problems.

What organs are affected by multiple sclerosis?

SummaryMultiple sclerosis (MS) is an incurable disease of the central nervous system that can affect the brain, spinal cord and optic nerves.Common symptoms include fatigue, bladder and bowel problems, sexual problems, pain, cognitive and mood changes such as depression, muscular and visual changes.More items…•

What is worse lupus or MS?

Yet there are differences as well. In general, lupus does more generalized damage to your body than MS, which primarily damages the nervous system.

Why is MS misdiagnosed?

MS misdiagnosis may increase morbidity as a result of psychological damage, risk associated with DMTs and corticosteroids use, inadequate treatment (2, 3), worsening of underlying disease such as in neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders (NMOSDs; (11), or delay in treatment of other potentially curable pathologies.

What are the neurological tests for MS?

The following may be used when evaluating for multiple sclerosis:Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). … Evoked potentials. … Cerebral spinal fluid analysis (also called spinal tap or lumbar puncture). … Blood tests.