Quick Answer: Can Rheumatic Fever Damage Your Heart?

How does rheumatic fever damage heart valves?

Although rheumatic fever can affect any heart valve, it most commonly affects the mitral valve which lies between the two chambers of the left side of the heart.

The damage can cause valve stenosis, valve regurgitation and/or damage to the heart muscle..

How was rheumatic fever treated in the 1940s?

The introduction of antibiotics (sulphonamides and then penicillin in the 1940s) and the trials conducted during the 1940s and in the USA, demonstrated that penicillin treatment for streptococcal pharyngitis has a preventive effect against rheumatic fever.

How long does it take for rheumatic fever to go away?

It normally starts in the larger joints, such as the knees, ankles, wrists, and elbows, before moving to other joints. This inflammation normally resolves within 4-6 weeks, without causing permanent damage.

Can rheumatic fever cause heart problems?

Serious Complications Include Long-term Heart Damage If rheumatic fever is not treated promptly, long-term heart damage (called rheumatic heart disease) may occur. Rheumatic heart disease weakens the valves between the chambers of the heart. Severe rheumatic heart disease can require heart surgery and result in death.

How long can you live with rheumatic heart disease?

The relative survival was 96.9% (95% CI 96.1–97.5%) at one year and 81.2% (95% CI 79.2–83.0%) at five years (S3 Fig).

What organs does rheumatic fever affect?

Rheumatic fever is a serious disease caused by untreated strep throat or scarlet fever. It can affect the heart, joints, nervous system, and skin. The most serious complication, rheumatic heart disease, can lead to heart inflammation and scarring of the valves.

How common is rheumatic fever in adults?

About three people out of every 10 who have a strep throat infection develop rheumatic fever. One common and potentially dangerous effect of rheumatic fever is damage to the valves of the heart. No single test can confirm a diagnosis of rheumatic fever.

Why Rheumatic fever is an autoimmune disease?

Rheumatic fever is classed as an autoimmune disease because the inflammation is probably caused by the immune system’s reaction to the bacteria. While rheumatic fever can develop at any age, children between five and 14 years are at increased risk.

What happens if rheumatic heart disease is left untreated?

If left untreated, rheumatic heart disease can lead to heart valve damage, stroke, heart failure, and death.

Can rheumatic fever cause problems later in life?

In some cases, the inflammation causes long-term complications. Rheumatic fever can cause permanent damage to the heart (rheumatic heart disease). It usually occurs 10 to 20 years after the original illness, but severe cases of rheumatic fever can cause damage to the heart valves while your child still has symptoms.

Is rheumatic fever an emergency?

When to see a doctor for rheumatic fever Call 911 or go to the nearest emergency department if your child: is having difficulty breathing or breathing very fast. complains of chest pain or palpitations.

What food should not to eat if you have rheumatic heart disease?

Red meat (beef, pork and lamb) is high in saturated fat and cholesterol, which increases your risk for heart disease….Foods high in trans fat and saturated fat to avoid include:Crackers.Doughnuts.Baked goods (cakes, cookies and pie crust)Fried foods.Non-dairy creamer.Microwave popcorn.

What antibiotics are used to treat rheumatic fever?

Rheumatic fever is preventable by treating strep throat with antibiotics, usually penicillin. If a patient is allergic to penicillin, other antibiotics such as erythromycin (Eryc, Ery-Tab, E.E.S, Eryped, PCE) or clindamycin (Cleocin) can be used.

Can rheumatic fever come back in adulthood?

It’s less likely that it’ll come back if it’s been 5 years since you last had an episode and if you’re older than 25. But it can cause permanent damage to your heart (rheumatic heart disease). This can take years to show up, so you may need regular check-ups and further treatment when you’re older.

Can you donate blood if you had rheumatic fever?

Rheumatic fever can cause damage to the heart and this could make it unsafe to give blood. Part of this entry is a requirement of the Blood Safety and Quality Regulations 2005.