What Are The 4 Main Universal Precautions?

When Must standard precautions be used?

Standard precautions are the basic level of infection control that should be used in the care of all patients all of the time.

Use standard precautions in the care of all patients to reduce the risk of transmission of microorganisms from both recognized and non-recognized sources of infection..

What are the 3 universal precautions?

Universal precautions apply to the following body fluids:Blood.Semen and vaginal secretions.Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)Synovial fluid.Pleural fluid.Pericardial fluid.Amniotic fluid.

What are the five universal precautions?

5 Steps of Universal PrecautionsEducation.Hand washing.Use of protective barriers (Personal Protective Equipment (PPE))Cleaning of contaminated surfaces.Safe handling/disposal of contaminated material.

What is universal precautions vs standard precautions?

In 1996, the CDC expanded the concept and changed the term to standard precautions, which integrated and expanded the elements of universal precautions to include contact with all body fluids (except sweat), regardless of whether blood is present.

What diseases are airborne precautions?

Diseases requiring airborne precautions include, but are not limited to: Measles, Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS), Varicella (chickenpox), and Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Airborne precautions apply to patients known or suspected to be infected with microorganisms transmitted by airborne droplet nuclei.

Who does universal precautions protect?

Universal precautions are intended to prevent parenteral, mucous membrane, and nonintact skin exposures of health-care workers to bloodborne pathogens. In addition, immunization with HBV vaccine is recommended as an important adjunct to universal precautions for health-care workers who have exposures to blood (3,4).

What PPE is used for standard precautions?

Standard precautions consist of the following practices: hand hygiene before and after all patient contact. the use of personal protective equipment, which may include gloves, impermeable gowns, plastic aprons, masks, face shields and eye protection. the safe use and disposal of sharps.

Whats the difference between droplet and airborne?

Airborne spread diseases include: chickenpox, tuberculosis. Droplet spread happens when germs traveling inside droplets that are coughed or sneezed from a sick person enter the eyes, nose, or mouth of another person.

How many standard precautions are there?

Your guide to the 10 Standard Infection Control Precautions (SICPs)

What do you wear for standard precautions?

Standard precautions include:Hand hygiene.Use of personal protective equipment (e.g., gloves, gowns, masks)Safe injection practices.Safe handling of potentially contaminated equipment or surfaces in the patient environment, and.Respiratory hygiene/cough etiquette.

What is the best way to prevent the spread of infection?

Preventing the Spread of Infectious DiseasesWash your hands often. … Get vaccinated. … Use antibiotics sensibly. … Stay at home if you have signs and symptoms of an infection. … Be smart about food preparation. … Disinfect the ‘hot zones’ in your residence. … Practice safer sex. … Don’t share personal items.More items…

What are the four universal precautions?

Hand Hygiene. Hand hygiene is the most important measure to prevent the spread of infections among patients and DHCP. … Respiratory Hygiene/Cough Etiquette. … Sharps Safety. … Safe Injection Practices. … Sterilization and Disinfection of Patient-Care Items and Devices. … Environmental Infection Prevention and Control.

What kind of diseases are airborne?

In addition to COVID-19, other examples of airborne diseases include:The flu.The common cold.Chickenpox.Measles.Mumps.Whooping cough.

What is the difference between airborne and droplet precautions?

With airborne transmission, direct contact is not needed to spread disease (as compared with respiratory droplet transmission). Infection may be transmitted over short distances by large droplets, and at longer distances by droplet nuclei generated by coughing and sneezing.

What is another name for standard precautions?

Universal to standard: a succinct synopsis In 1996, the CDC replaced the term ‘universal precautions’ with ‘standard precautions’, which aimed to prevent nosocomial infection in patients as well as HCWs, and concerned other micro-organisms as well as BBVs.

Do all airborne precautions require n95?

All healthcare providers who enter the isolated negative pressure room must be fit tested for an N95 respirator. Only healthcare providers immunized to the organism in question should enter a room where airborne precautions are in place for varicella or measles.

Why is standard precautions important?

Standard precautions are meant to reduce the risk of transmission of bloodborne and other pathogens from both recognized and unrecognized sources. They are the basic level of infection control precautions which are to be used, as a minimum, in the care of all patients.