What Are The 4 Types Of Cardiovascular Disease?

What are the 2 types of cardiovascular disease?

Types of Cardiovascular DiseaseCoronary artery disease is the build-up of plaque in the arteries supplying blood to the heart.Peripheral artery disease is the build-up of plaque in the arteries supplying blood to the arms and legs.Carotid artery disease is the build-up of plaque in the arteries that supply blood to the brain..

What is the difference between heart disease and cardiovascular disease?

Cardiovascular disease, is an umbrella term covering diseases of both the heart (cardio) and blood vessels (vascular) in the body. Heart disease and coronary heart disease are cardiovascular diseases, but so are other diseases affecting blood vessels such as high blood pressure and peripheral artery disease.

What is the most common type of cardiovascular disease?

The most common type of heart disease in the United States is coronary artery disease (CAD), which affects the blood flow to the heart.

What are the signs and symptoms of cardiovascular disease?

General Warning Signs and SymptomsExtreme fatigue.Constant dizziness or lightheadedness.A fast heart rate (more than 100 beats per minute)A new, irregular heartbeat.Chest pain or discomfort during activity that goes away with rest.Difficulty breathing during regular activities and rest.More items…

Can cardiovascular disease be cured?

A: Although we can’t cure heart disease, we can make it better. Most forms of heart disease are very treatable today. There is some evidence that normalizing high blood pressure and lowering cholesterol to very low levels will partially reverse plaques in the coronary arteries.

What is another name for cardiovascular disease?

coronary artery diseaseAnother term for it is coronary artery disease.

How is cardiovascular disease diagnosed?

AdvertisementElectrocardiogram (ECG). An ECG records these electrical signals and can help your doctor detect irregularities in your heart’s rhythm and structure. … Holter monitoring. … Echocardiogram. … Stress test. … Cardiac catheterization. … Cardiac computerized tomography (CT) scan. … Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).

What is considered a cardiovascular disease?

Advertising & Sponsorship. The term “heart disease” is often used interchangeably with the term “cardiovascular disease.” Cardiovascular disease generally refers to conditions that involve narrowed or blocked blood vessels that can lead to a heart attack, chest pain (angina) or stroke.

What are the classes of cardiovascular disease?

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a class of diseases that involve the heart or blood vessels. CVD includes coronary artery diseases (CAD) such as angina and myocardial infarction (commonly known as a heart attack).

What are the main causes of cardiovascular disease?

Causes of CVDHigh blood pressure. High blood pressure (hypertension) is one of the most important risk factors for CVD. … Smoking. Smoking and other tobacco use is also a significant risk factor for CVD. … High cholesterol. … Diabetes. … Inactivity. … Being overweight or obese. … Family history of CVD. … Ethnic background.More items…

Is High Blood Pressure a form of heart disease?

The reality is that HBP is a condition that makes the heart work harder than normal. And left untreated, it scars and damages your arteries and can lead to heart attack, stroke, kidney failure, eye damage, heart failure and fatty buildups in the arteries, called atherosclerosis.