What Is Congenital Heart Disease In Babies?

What are the 4 stages of congestive heart failure?

There are four stages of heart failure (Stage A, B, C and D).

The stages range from “high risk of developing heart failure” to “advanced heart failure,” and provide treatment plans..

What are the symptoms of congenital heart disease in infants?

The symptoms of congenital heart disease in infants and children may include:A bluish tint to the skin, fingernails, and lips (doctors call this cyanosis, a condition caused by a lack of oxygenated blood)Fast breathing and poor feeding.Poor weight gain.Lung infections.An inability to exercise.

What is congenital heart disease in infants?

Congenital means present at birth. Congenital heart defects (also called CHDs) are heart conditions that a baby is born with. These conditions can affect the heart’s shape or how it works or both. CHDs can be mild or serious. CHDs are the most common types of birth defects.

What is the most common cause of congenital heart disease?

Genetic conditions Down’s syndrome is the most widely-known genetic condition that can cause congenital heart disease. Children with Down’s syndrome are born with a range of disabilities as the result of a genetic abnormality.

Can a baby survive heart defects?

For infants with critical congenital heart defects (CCHDs), survival up to one year of life has improved over time. However, the chance of these infants dying is still high.

How can I prevent my baby from having a heart defect?

Avoid drinking alcohol or taking medication. Take 400 micrograms of folic acid supplement a day during the first trimester (first 12 weeks) of your pregnancy – this lowers your risk of giving birth to a child with congenital heart disease, as well as several other types of birth defect.

How is congenital heart disease passed down?

In most cases, the cause is unknown. Sometimes a viral infection in the mother causes the condition. The condition can be genetic (hereditary). Some congenital heart defects are the result of alcohol or drug use during pregnancy.

What causes congenital heart defects in babies?

It is caused by abnormal formation of the heart during growth in the womb. In most cases, when a baby is born with a congenital heart defect, there is no known reason for it. Some types of congenital heart defects can be linked to an abnormality in the number of a baby’s chromosomes.

What is the life expectancy for a child with congenital heart defect?

Survival. About 97% of babies born with a non-critical CHD are expected to survive to one year of age. About 95% of babies born with a non-critical CHD are expected to survive to 18 years of age.

Can congenital heart defects be cured?

There is no cure for CHD. Many people have surgeries to repair their heart, however, they are not cured. There may be long-term effects of heart surgery, such as abnormal heartbeats. A cardiologist can often detect problems with your heart before you notice any symptoms.

How can you tell if your baby has a heart problem?

Signs and symptoms could include:Pale gray or blue skin color (cyanosis)Rapid breathing.Swelling in the legs, abdomen or areas around the eyes.Shortness of breath during feedings, leading to poor weight gain.

What increases the risk of congenital heart disease?

If there’s a family history of congenital heart disease, the mother has diabetes during pregnancy, or the mother has taken certain medications while pregnant (anticoagulants or antiepileptics) a baby may be at slightly higher risk of congenital heart disease.